A United States energy plan directly from coal country

proposal would reward coal and nuclear power plants within the Midwest and Northeast that keep 90-day fuel supplies on hands. Murray stated within an interview “you can’t store wind in a power plant. You cannot store sunshine. You cannot even store gas.”

However, critics say batteries can store renewables which coal and nuclear don’t safeguard the grid. Throughout the The month of january 2014 polar vortex, coal piles froze outdoors generation facilities, while frozen pipes, valves along with other equipment led to power failures.

The Rhodium Group, an investigation firm, stated within an independent study that “of virtually all of the power disruptions nationwide in the last 5 years, only .00007 percent were because of fuel supply problems. The great majority were caused by tornados knocking lower utility lines.”

It sometimes doesn’t even take tornados. On August. 14, 2003, some overgrown trees in Ohio brushed against a higher-current line, which shut lower. An urgent situation alarm unsuccessful. Three other lines sagged into trees and turned off. Soon failures cascaded throughout eight northeastern states and southeastern Canada. The offender: FirstEnergy.

By enhancing the least competitive players, the Perry plan would raise rates and add vast amounts of dollars to consumers’ electric power bills, say a range consultants as well as an independent oversight group.

fortunate development,” started drafting recommendations soon after Trump’s election. As well as in a job interview using the Publish, he stated that “I think we’ve stated the emergency from the problem.”

He’d administration contacts like Andrew R. Wheeler, former chief of staff in the Senate Atmosphere and Public Works Committee, who’d lobbied for Murray Energy, lobbying records show. Murray compensated Wheeler’s firm $225,000 this season through March. 21. Wheeler was part of Trump’s transition team as well as in October was nominated to become deputy administrator from the Ecological Protection Agency.

On August. 4, Murray authored to White-colored House special assistant John D. McEntee III stating that he’d “personally” met with Trump in Youngstown, Ohio, nine days earlier and the man and FirstEnergy leader Charles E. Johnson had met with Trump briefly on August. 3 in Huntington, W.Veterans administration. Within the letter, first printed through the Connected Press, Murray recounted that Trump had stated “tell [National Economic Council director Gary] Cohn to complete whatever both of these want him to complete.”

Cleveland Plain Dealer reported that FirstEnergy unintentionally filed with respect to others, such as the U . s . Method of Jefferson County, before withdrawing them.

“Just like everyone who weighs in on this stuff, we speak with individuals who support us and who are influenced by this plan of action,” FirstEnergy spokeswoman Jennifer Youthful stated within an interview. “When they ask whether they can help, we certainly cause them to become share their comments with FERC too.”

Morning Analytics, a completely independent market monitor, stated the Perry proposal would create “an unworkable hybrid of competitive markets and price and services information regulation,” which consumers’ costs would soar by $18 billion to $288 billion over ten years.

Research by ICF, a talking to firm, stated ratepayers would pay an additional $800 million to $3.8 billion annually through 2030.

The Perry plan would also delay the retirement of approximately 25 gigawatts of coal-fired capacity and 20 gigawatts of nuclear capacity, based on research through the independent nonprofit group Sources for future years. Over twenty five years, the emissions from individuals coal plants would cause 27,000 premature deaths, the research stated.

“Most from the plants which have upon the market were old, smaller sized, inefficient and-cost,” Silverstein stated. “These plants was without the versatility and price profiles to compete inside a fast-moving grid and were of sufficient age to merit retirement.”

Brushing aside critics who repeat the plan would add up to new subsidies for coal and nuclear, Perry stated the nation includes a lengthy good reputation for subsidies. “I don’t think you have this perfect free-market world, and, I am talking about, we subsidize lots of different powers,” he stated in an March. 12 House hearing.

“I think you are taking cost into consideration, but with regards to — you realize, what’s the price of freedom?” Perry added. “What will it cost to construct a method to help keep America free?”

What’s going to FERC do? Among the four commissioners hired by Trump, Robert F. Powelson, inside a speech in October recognized competitive markets, saying “the moment we put our thumbs around the scale may be the moment we bastardize the procedure.” Two other medication is Democrats: Cheryl LaFleur, hired by Obama, and Richard Glick, by Trump.

FERC Commissioner Neil Chatterjee, a Kentucky Republican and former aide to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), favored an “interim lifeline” inside a November. 9 Bloomberg News television interview. However, he stated in an S&P Global Platts Energy forum that “I have no idea that people could possibly get everyone within the lifeboat.”

Kevin McIntyre, mind of Johnson Day’s energy regulation practice, confirmed November. 2, was sworn in because the new FERC chair on Thursday.

Meanwhile, FirstEnergy is focusing on a proper plan. It might close four of their earliest coal plants while selling some gas plants. The utility has put its least competitive plants inside a subsidiary known as FirstEnergy Solutions. The subsidiary’s debts are selling for under 50 cents around the dollar.

“It is simply too early to state what’s going to happen if [Perry’s plan] isn’t approved,” Youthful stated. “There are lots of things under review.”

Interest in renewable power prompts Whirlpool to chop 12,000 jobs

Whirlpool will cut 12,000 jobs in the power division as renewable power siphons demand from coal along with other non-renewable fuels.

The organization stated Thursday the cuts to both office and production jobs can help “right-size” GE Power inside a traditional power market that’s being upended globally.

The cuts, representing 18 percent of jobs at GE Power, will occur largely outdoors the U . s . States.

Many come in Europe, where other energy companies have previously announced reductions.

GE intends to cut 1,400 of their 4,200 positions in Europe within the next 2 yrs, the organization stated. While no facilities are anticipated to shut in Europe, the organization stated the GE Power Conversion unit in Berlin and GE Grid Solutions in Moenchengladbach, Germany, could be closed.

GE intends to trim its German workforce by 1,600 positions.

Other German facilities which may be affected have been in Mannheim, Stuttgart and Kassel, the organization stated.

While President Trump has promised to bring back the country’s unhappy coal industry, similar disruptions towards the power company take place everywhere.

Power information mill leaving coal because of ecological rules that have established yourself or anticipated, and for economic reasons.

The price of cleaner-burning gas, solar along with other alternative powers is constantly on the fall.

Which has had a massive effect on workers within the power generation industry.

Data released through the Bls in October suggests the very best-growing job classification within the next nine years is going to be solar photovoltaic installers. Wind generator service technicians arrived at No. 2.

Most power generation within the U . s . States comes from non-renewable fuels, however the balance is shifting.

The Trump administration has guaranteed to boost nuclear and coal-fired power plants, despite the fact that individuals facilities are now being upon the market in a steady pace. Numerous former federal energy regulators came out from the administration’s plans, calling it one step backward.

Altering habits have reduced the ability that’s ingested in most households, as has more effective technology.

GE stated reducing the amount of positions, together with actions taken captured, can help GE Power, located in Atlanta, trim costs by $1 billion in 2018.

GE is searching to lessen overall structural costs by $3.5 billion in 2017 and 2018.

“This decision was painful but essential for GE Power to reply to the disruption within the power market, that is driving considerably lower volumes in services and products,Inches Russell Stokes, leader of GE Power, stated inside a statement.

— Connected Press

G.E. to chop 12,000 Jobs in Power Division

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Whirlpool is racing to help keep pace with seismic shifts within the global energy industry, since it’s new leadership moves to get rid of bloat and grapples using the fallout from earlier, ill-timed decisions.

Within the most visible moves, the organization stated on Thursday it would cut 12,000 jobs in the power division, reducing how big the unit’s work pressure by 18 percent.

The announcement is definitely an acknowledgment that the organization is not correctly positioned for in which the energy marketplace is headed. Oil and gas markets coping a glut of supply and firms like Whirlpool happen to be made to cut prices on their own services. The lengthy-term interest in alternative energy keeps growing globally, even while the American political climate damps its short-term prospects. And G.E. faces a raft of competition from worldwide rivals in most individuals areas.

Just consider the company’s business for that big turbines in the centre of electricity-generating plants. Although more coal has been burned and shipped this season in much around the globe, the trends favor renewable sources, where production pricing is quickly falling. Less coal and gas-fired power vegetation is being built, departing more companies fighting over less projects. The end result: G.E. is located on a stack of over stock.

The worldwide forces are roiling many big conglomerates which have lengthy offered the. Siemens, G.E.’s primary rival, stated recently it would cut 6,900 jobs worldwide in units centered on power plant technology, generators and enormous electrical motors. “The power generation market is experiencing disruption of unparalleled scope and speed,” Siemens stated inside a statement at that time.

G.E. and it is new leader, John L. Flannery, happen to be pressurized broadly to remake the organization. Their stock has stepped greater than 40 % this season, the worst performance undoubtedly around the Dow jones Johnson industrial average. The organization reported a high loss of profit for that third quarter.

Recently, Mr. Flannery announced plans for any slimmer, focused G.E. focused on three core companies — energy, healthcare and aviation. The move is really a departure in the empire-building ambitions of past chief executives who searched for to produce a vast conglomerate across disparate industries.

Included in the overhaul, Mr. Flannery has required more financial discipline, with intends to shed nearly $20 billion in assets in in the future, including some that achieve to the times of their founder, Thomas Edison, like bulbs and railroad locomotives. The organization also cut its dividend for just the 2nd time because the Great Depression.

Mr. Flannery, who required in August, has known as 2018 a “reset year.”

“Flannery’s moves would be the apparent, fundamental ones that he must play to show G.E. around,” stated Robert McCarthy, an analyst in the research firm Stifel. “If this doesn’t work, it might presage a bigger breakup of the organization.”

The organization, partly, is having to pay for past mistakes.

2 yrs ago, G.E. spent $13.5 billion to purchase the ability division of Alstom, a French company. The system, G.E.’s largest industrial acquisition at that time, has since that time “clearly performed below our expectations” and offered only single-digit returns, Mr. Flannery told investors inside a business call recently.

However the Alstom unit “is also a good thing which has a 20-, 30-, 40-year existence into it,Inches stated Mr. Flannery, who helped negotiate the purchase.

G.E. also lately merged its oil-and-gas unit having a fellow services provider, Baker Hughes, to bolster the company throughout the worst slump in the market in additional than 2 decades.

Now, Baker Hughes is underperforming rivals. And analysts stated that G.E. might be searching for methods to exit the wedding.

G.E. is the main thing on gas turbine technology and it has a brand new type of large generators that may each produce enough energy for 500,000 households. But the organization misjudged the marketplace for smaller sized and substitute equipment. Mr. Flannery told investors that the organization had exacerbated a difficult market situation “with some really poor execution.”

Russell Stokes, the mind from the company’s power division, has told investors he planned to scale back the division’s capital expenses the coming year to almost half its current level. His team, he stated, is going to be “sweating every dollar.”

“There’s without doubt the market continues to be soft, but they’re not telling the sides from the story — that clearly there has been bad decisions made in the organization contributing to the way they would market in select companies,” Mr. McCarthy of Stifel stated.

Whirlpool can also be attempting to navigate the power future.

By 2024, solar and wind energy technologies are likely to attract two-thirds of worldwide purchase of power plants and take into account around 40 % of total power generation at that time, based on the Worldwide Energy Agency. As a result renewables take hold, gas will probably be pressed from the primary role to some supporting role once the wind doesn’t blow and also the sun doesn’t shine.

G.E. has created out an area in alternative energy, producing wind generators. However it faces significant cost pressure from competitors, specifically in China.

Even while, interest in power is booming more gradually than previously, because of the raised efficiencies of appliances and commercial structures more and more engineered in order to save electricity. Power demand development in China, for example, has slowed to under 2 percent annually since 2012 from 8 percent annually from 2000 to 2012.

G.E. stated the task cuts within the power business is needed it save $1 billion because it gone to live in keep costs down by $3.5 billion this season and then. The workers losing their jobs operate in production and professional roles. About 50 % are located in Europe.

“This decision was painful but essential for GE Power to reply to the disruption within the power market,” stated Mr. Stokes. “We expect market challenges to carry on, however this plan will position us for 2019 and beyond.”

Tiffany Hsu on Twitter: @tiffkhsu. Clifford Krauss on Twitter: @ckrausss

Prashant S. Rao contributed reporting

A version want to know , seems in publications on from the New You are able to edition using the headline: G.E. States It’ll Slash Jobs Over Transfer of Energy Market. Order Reprints Today’s Paper Subscribe

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Energy Idea for Mars Yields an idea for Powering Data Centers

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SUNNYVALE, Calif. — Like a researcher employed by NASA within the 1990s, K. R. Sridhar created a contraption that may use the sun’s energy to change the weather from the Martian atmosphere into breathable air or propulsion fuel.

It passed its tests, however a planned pursuit to send it to Mars in 2001 was canceled and Dr. Sridhar managed to move on, searching to use what he’d learned to assist stem global warming on the planet rather.

“I came full circle — I had been attempting to make a very uninhabitable planet habitable,” Dr. Sridhar, 56, stated lately, holding a black-domed prototype from the shelved device at his Plastic Valley office. “I was thinking, ‘I can perform something to create the earth a bit more sustainable.’ ”

Almost 2 decades later, that thought has brought to some number of fuel-cell generators that leave electricity via a chemical reaction. With a current deal for Dr. Sridhar’s company, Blossom Energy, to set up generators in a dozen data centers in California and Nj for Equinix, a number one operator, it’s poised for any major expansion.

K.R. Sridhar, the mind of Blossom Energy, among its processing furnaces. After “trying to create a really uninhabitable planet habitable,” stated Dr. Sridhar, who once labored on the Mars project at NASA, “I was thinking, ‘I can perform something to create the earth a bit more sustainable.’”CreditPeter Prato for that New You are able to Occasions

The purpose of the offer, financed with a subsidiary of the deep-pocketed electric utility, Southern Company, isn’t just to produce a reliable power source for any power-thirsty industry, but additionally to assist validate a technology which has battled to achieve mainstream acceptance.

What’s striking would be that the fuel cells aren’t running on hydrogen, such as the ones lengthy seen as an promising source of energy for cars. Rather, they will use gas, that has become plentiful following a production boom during the last decade.

While they consume non-renewable fuels, the gas-powered cells have attracted the interest of some atmosphere-minded policymakers, investors and entrepreneurs simply because they release a smaller amount of heat-trapping gases like co2 than conventional plants. And they’ve been gradually finding fans among energy-conscious corporations — in Walmart stores, eBay data centers and Morgan Stanley’s corporate headquarters.

Scott Samuelsen, director from the National Fuel Cell Research Center in the College of California, Irvine, stated data centers turn into an essential marketplace for fuel cells since the industry “appears to wish to be more eco sensitive but more reliant by themselves sources.”

Area of the ecological appeal is based on their efficiency. Fuel cells are usually placed on site, so that they don’t need to burn extra fuel to pay for energy lost over lengthy transmission lines. Additionally, they will use less fuel per watt of power than conventional plants simply because they don’t burn fuels to heat water or air to spin turbines.

Which means they are quiet, that has demonstrated an unexpected barrier for their acceptance among prospective customers, Professor Samuelsen stated. “It’s challenging for anybody to think that they’re coming to a power,” he stated. “It’s nothing like a jet engine.”

The innovations at Blossom originate from Dr. Sridhar’s focus on NASA’s Mars exploration program as he was director from the Space Technologies Laboratory in the College of Arizona. Trained like a mechanical engineer in the native India, Dr. Sridhar showed up in the lab after you have a doctoral in the College of Illinois.

Bloom’s fuel cells are fused together, then loaded into metal casings which are enclosed in banks about how big a fridge.CreditPeter Prato for that New You are able to Occasions

Around the Mars project, he centered on using electricity to fuel chemical reactions among elements located on the Red Planet, even creating dirt able to germinating a seed. Working he will be able to turn back process, he founded Blossom and labored on converting chemical energy to electricity using easily available fuels and conductors.

Eventually, he and the team stumble on a version of the present style of roughly 5-inch-square fuel cells fused together in stacks — each about how big one half-loaves of bread and able to powering a typical home. The stacks are loaded into tubular metal casings prior to being enclosed in banks about how big a fridge that may then be arrayed on the floor or perhaps a roof to operate large facilities.

The gear, created at the organization headquarters here with final set up in a factory in Delaware, is concurrently high- and occasional-tech. Each cell is made of a skinny ceramic wafer that’s mainly zirconia — a family member from the gemstone substitute. Inside a process reminiscent of highschool art class, the wafers are screen printed with chemical inks on every side within an automated sequence after which fired in kilns. They’re sandwiched between metal plates, and also the resulting structure is really a solid oxide fuel cell that may operate at high temperatures, about 800 levels Celsius, or 1,472 levels F.

At this temperature, when gas combined with steam flows more than one top of the cell while oxygen flows within the other, a reaction leads to the discharge of electricity, steam that’s recycled with the process and co2.

Equinix tested the Blossom cells in a data center in San Jose for 18 several weeks before committing to the present arrangement, that tends to buy the power within 15-year power purchase agreement. The organization, which runs greater than 185 data focuses on five continents, works as a type of cloud and network broker. It builds and operates facilities that offer space, power and cooling in addition to work rooms, showers and an alarm system featuring a number of locked chambers like something from “Get Smart.” The customer companies bring their very own servers along with other hardware to plug into greater than 1,000 systems that connect these to customers and also to one another.

The Southern Company, located in Atlanta, makes their bond since it has unregulated companies that sell power nationwide. Within this situation, Southern buys the fuel-cell generators from Blossom after which, via a subsidiary known as PowerSecure, sells the output to Equinix within 15-year agreement.

The Blossom cope with Equinix and Southern is probably the largest ever for any fuel-cell business, but Blossom faces competition using their company providers, like Fuel Cell Energy, that is located in Danbury, Conn., and it has a partnership with Exxon Mobil. It’s won numerous recent contracts, including installing and operating three fuel-cell projects for that Lengthy Island Power Authority and something which will supply power for that Navy submarine base in Groton, Conn.

Indeed, the U . s . States government has already established a hands within the technology’s development through grant programs in the Energy Department along with a federal tax credit that expired in the finish of this past year.

Natural-gas fuel cells provide some ecological advantages over traditional power plants running on non-renewable fuels: They will use little water and release very little dangerous smog emissions. The Blossom cells may also operate on biogas or hydrogen, which may make sure they are much more eco-friendly, given a stable way to obtain individuals fuels.

The effectiveness of natural-gas fuel cells in lessening green house gas emissions is dependent on some debate, however. Some environmentalists and public-utility officials repeat the fuel cells’ emissions might be understated and wonder if their carbon reductions are sufficient to warrant public subsidies.

Randy Eoff, a producing specialist, cleaning from the latest model at Blossom headquarters.CreditPeter Prato for that New You are able to Occasions

Still, their emissions are very well underneath the average for coal-fired plants. Blossom puts the emissions of their natural-gas cells in the plethora of 679 to 833 pounds of co2 per megawatt-hour, while coal plants released 2,252 pounds of co2 per megawatt-hour within the second quarter of the year, based on the Power Sector Carbon Index, an analysis printed through the Scott Institute for Energy Innovation at Carnegie Mellon College. They’re much nearer to individuals of natural-gas plants, which, based on the index, averaged 938 pounds per megawatt-hour throughout the same period.

Though companies searching to power energy-hungry data centers have frequently searched for out hydroelectric power, which doesn’t rely on non-renewable fuels and it is generally affordable, fuel-cell technologies are gaining traction, specifically for customers who require an very steady power even during storms. For Tom Fanning, leader of Southern Company, their bond with Blossom belongs to an offer to benefit from the technological advances which are upending the electrical industry by permitting people to make their very own power, referred to as distributed generation.

“For a century, we’ve were built with a business design predicated around the perception of making, moving and selling electricity, basically up to and including meter,” he stated inside a telephone interview. “We began seeing this make-move-and-sell model relocating to the client premises. And thus we made the decision to get involved with this space.”

G.O.P. Delays Tax Election Over Cost Concerns

  • Mitch McConnell, the Senate majority leader, stated the Senate will reconvene tomorrow morning to start voting on amendments towards the bill before your final election later within the day.
  • Though Republicans sounded positive, party leaders still don’t have firm commitments from enough senators to guarantee the bill will pass.

Matt Lauer Offers Apology (Having a Caveat)

  • “There is sufficient truth during these tales to create me embarrass myself and ashamed,” Mr. Lauer authored inside a statement.
  • By Thursday, NBC had received a minimum of three complaints associated with Mr. Lauer, including from the former worker who stated the anchor sexually assaulted her in the office in 2001.

An Era Is Facing a Lonely Dying in Japan

In postwar Japan, just one-minded concentrate on rapid economic growth helped erode family ties. Now, an era of seniors Japanese is dying alone.

White-colored House Envisions Tillerson Ouster From Condition Dept.

  • The White-colored House is promoting an agenda to exchange Secretary of Condition Rex Tillerson with Mike Pompeo, the C.I.A. director, over the following several days.
  • Mr. Pompeo could be substituted with Senator Tom Cotton, a Republican from Arkansas who is a key ally from the president on national security matters.

The Ten Best Books of 2017

The year’s best books, selected through the editors from the New You are able to Occasions The Review.

It began like a tax cut. Now it might alter American existence.

A change championed by President Trump and Republican leaders could reshape healthcare, education and social services.

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Among the country’s greatest oilfields turns for an unpredicted source of energy: Solar

The Power 202: As Congress debates Alaska refuge drilling, Trump administration approves oil project in Arctic waters]

Aera has typically used gas to warm up water to create steam. But Aera and GlassPoint will make use of a large, 850-megawatt solar thermal array to evaporate water that’s pumped in to the ground to liberate more oil. The businesses say this can offset 4.87 billion cubic ft of gas each year and steer clear of the emission of 376,000 a lot of carbon. Water used emerges from the entire process of oil extraction itself and will also be recycled and pumped into the ground.

The work was thanks to the current extension of California’s cap-and-trade system for carbon-dioxide emissions until 2030, said Christina Sistrunk, chief executive of Aera Energy, a company jointly owned by Covering and ExxonMobil. “We take some degree of things i would call regulatory and legislative stability so that you can fund projects that actually need a few decades price of certainty to become economic,” stated Sistrunk. “The extension of this program really underpinned our capability to get this to lengthy-term commitment.”

The solar thermal array will capture the sun’s energy using curving mirrors which are enclosed inside a green house after which use that energy to heat water. Additionally, you will see a smaller sized, 26.5-megawatt solar photovoltaic installation to help power oil field operations. The work should start operations by 2020, the participating companies stated.

This is actually the second such megascale solar-oil task for GlassPoint, that is building the huge, 1-gigawatt Miraah project in Oman (a gigawatt refers back to the ability to immediately generate 1 billion watts of electricity a megawatt refers back to the ability to generate a million watts). The organization stated the Belridge project would be the largest solar project in California.

“From your day starting operating, Aera might find a massive decrease in the quantity of gas they consume inside a given day,” said Ben Bierman, chief operating officer and acting leader offfcer of GlassPoint Solar.

The mixture of massive solar and large oil isn’t the type of factor we have a tendency to consider with regards to the development of renewables around the world, that has generally been brought by solar and wind power installations. But joint projects of numerous types between major oil producers and alternative energy players are increasing, too. The Norwegian oil giant Statoil has announced intends to build solar arrays in South america having a clean energy industry partner, and Covering is exploring a potential large solar project around australia. Statoil, meanwhile, has additionally designed a major push into offshore wind energy.

What’s different concerning the Belridge project is the utilization of renewables, which don’t emit green house gases, to create more fuel which will emit individuals gases. That may leave environmentalists feeling rather ambiguous. However this, too, has parallels — a current major carbon capture and storage project in Texas will capture the majority of the CO2 released with a major coal facility, however pipe the gas inside a liquid form for an oil field where it’ll, once more, be utilized in enhanced oil recovery.

What these examples possibly show first and foremost is the fact that as alternative energy becomes increasingly more part of our way of life, it will likewise become more and more built-into classical energy systems.

Ecological groups welcomed this news from the Aera-GlassPoint project Wednesday and stated it has a great use California’s energy policies.

The work is really a “good step,” stated Simon Mui, director of California vehicles and fuels for that Natural Sources Defense Council, a nonprofit environmental advocacy group. But Mui, who stated his group hadn’t yet fully evaluated that project, noted a among reducing emissions from “fossil fuel infrastructure,” that the current project would do, along with a more lengthy-term project of lowering the emissions from transportation in general by substituting battery-powered vehicles or any other technologies for cars running on oil.

“I think it’s an incorrect means to fix think you are able to only do either,Inches stated Mui. “And I believe the condition coverage is searching to complete a couple of things, the first is accelerate the transition to electric drive technologies along with other alternative sources, in addition to cleanup the present fossil fuel infrastructure.”

The California regulatory context not just most likely impelled the present pairing of Aera and GlassPoint — it might also compel additional such projects later on, added Tim O’Connor, director from the California gas and oil program in the Ecological Defense Fund.

“The oil created in California is a few of the heaviest and many carbon intensive on the planet, mainly due to this requirement for intense heating,” he stated. “So when we’re producing that oil, I believe there’s likely to be a drive to locate solutions that lessen the embedded emissions.”

World&aposs greatest wealth fund turns its focus on fashion and child work

After concentrating on industries like coal and weapons, Norway’s $1 trillion sovereign wealth fund is popping its focus on fashion.

Along with UNICEF, the world’s greatest wealth fund is establishing a network with a few of the top fashion companies to enhance children’s legal rights, whether or not they are exploited in producing clothes and footwear or influenced by the in different ways.

Between 10 and 15 companies having a total market price in excess of 2 trillion kroner (£182bn) have became a member of and can have fun playing the network’s first event in Geneva on 27 November, stated Carine Cruz Ihenacho, the Norwegian investor’s global mind of possession strategies. They include H&M Kering, who owns luxury brands for example Gucci and Saint Laurent and VF, which owns labels for example North Face and Wrangler.

Within the next 2 yrs, the audience will talk about what you can do to enhance the plight of kids who frequently operate in sweatshops under appalling conditions. The initiative may also concentrate on areas for example education, health insurance and diet, from use of school to working mothers’ capability to breastfeed.

“Not enough has been done today,” Cruz Ihenacho stated within an interview on Wednesday in the Oslo office of Norges Bank Investment Management, one from the central bank which manages the fund. “We hope this can raise market practices for others too. Hopefully this can have some type of bellwether effect.”

The planet had a shocking peek at how badly some textile personnel are treated, following a 2013 collapse from the Rana Plaza factory in Bangladesh that wiped out greater than 1,100 people. The prior year, fires at Pakistan sites also came focus on the difficulty such workers face. With production typically sub-contracted by global retailers to emerging-market nations, the complexness and the size of the availability chain allow it to be difficult to get rid of practices for example child work.

There have been about 152 million child labourers on the planet in 2016, or almost ten percent children globally, based on the Worldwide Work Organisation. Just below 1 / 2 of individuals labored in hazardous conditions.

While it’s difficult to document just the number of children work with the textile industry, the United nations Children’s Fund estimates that about 250 million minors are in some manner influenced by the availability chain, either directly, through their own families or local environments, stated Camilla Viken, mind of UNICEF Norwegian.

“There are lots of challenges within the textile industry and it is logistics,Inches Ms Viken stated within an interview. “It’s an essential starting point to enhance many children’s legal rights and lives.”

Norway’s wealth fund, which invests the country’s gas and oil earnings in stocks, bonds and property abroad, owns about 1.5 percent from the world’s listed equities. It operates based on some ethical guidelines that span from human legal rights to ecological factors, which ban producing tobacco and certain kinds of weapons. A week ago additionally, it suggested selling from gas and oil stocks for financial reasons.

Companies can also be excluded when they lead to “the worst types of child work,” based on individuals guidelines.

To date, that’s only became of one company, India’s Zuari Agro Chemicals, that was excluded in 2013. The fund’s Council of Ethics, which advises the central bank’s Executive Board on potential exclusions, is scrutinising textile production in japan, the mind from the watchdog stated within an interview in October.

The brand new network isn’t designed to install new standards for that fund, Cruz Ihenacho stated.

“Our focus is to get leading companies aboard and to utilize these to find practical methods to real existence issues,” she stated.

The fund asked 30 fashion companies to participate the initiative. From the 10-15 that wound up joining, only three thought about being identified. The fund has investments totalling 44bn kroner in individuals that became a member of, Cruz Ihenacho stated. She states the fund hopes so that you can name more companies because the work progresses.

“This may be the first initiative available, an airplane pilot and pioneering project,” UNICEF’s Ms Viken stated. “It’s natural that some companies move forward.Inches

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Swedish power plant ditches coal to lose H&ampM clothes rather

Burning discarded clothing from retail chain H&M helps a Swedish power plant replace coal permanently.

The combined heat and power station in Vasteras, northwest of Stockholm, is converting from oil- and coal-fired generation to become fossil fuel-free facility by 2020. Which means burning recycled wood and waste, including clothes H&M can’t sell.

“For us it’s a burnable material,” stated Jens Neren, mind of fuel supplies at Malarenergi, a software application which operates and owns the 54-year-old plant about 100 kilometres (62 miles) from Stockholm.

“Our goal is by using only renewable and recycled fuels.”

While Norway takes pride in a nearly entirely emission free-power system because of its hydro, nuclear and wind plants, some local municipalities still use coal and oil to heat homes and offices during cold winter days. By converting old plants to lose biofuels and garbage, the greatest Nordic economy is wishing to edge out all of the its fossil fuel units through the finish of the decade. 

Malarenergi has an offer with the neighbouring city of Eskilstuna to burn their trash, most of which originates from H&M’s central warehouse within the same city. The refuse wasn’t specified as clothing until it had been highlighted inside a Swedish national television programme on Tuesday.

“H&M doesn’t burn any clothes which are dependable,Inches Johanna Dahl, mind of communications for H&M in Norway, stated by email. “However it’s our legal obligation to make certain that clothes that contain mould or don’t adhere to our strict restriction on chemicals are destroyed.”

The Vasteras plant burned about 15 a lot of discarded clothes from H&M to date in 2017, in contrast to about 400,000 a lot of rubbish, Neren said. Malarenergi has handles several nearby metropolitan areas to get rubbish as well as imports waste from Britain to fuel its primary boiler.

The ability, which gives capacity to about 150,000 households, burned around 650,000 a lot of coal at its peak in 1996.

On Tuesday, the final coal ship docked in Vasteras to give you the plant’s two remaining fossil-fuel generators from the 1960s with enough supplies to last until 2020. That’s whenever a new wood-fired boiler will be included to supplement the facility’s existing biofuel and trash burning unit

Bloomberg

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Subcontracting: Plastic Valley’s riskiest work

flipping the bird towards the presidential motorcade as she rode her bicycle round her Northern Virginia neighborhood. Her firing came not lengthy following a contractor, just finishing his last trip to Twitter, deactivated President Trump’s Twitter feed. (It had been restored 11 minutes later.)

In reaction, whistleblower Edward Snowden, formerly utilized by the consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton and now the most crucial subcontracted worker in our time, tweeted, “Never underestimate the strength of a staff having a conscience.”

The Twitter Quitter, Briskman and Snowden all share one factor in keeping: These were subcontractors for technology firms. Extremely high-profile cases of worker defiance indicate a bigger trend inside the American labor experience, one which has major implications in all aspects of our way of life — subcontracting workers.

We’ve got the technology industry has frequently recognized subcontracting by quarrelling it helps workers shape their very own schedule, or offers an affordable and simple method to launch entrepreneurial endeavors.

Simultaneously, however, subcontracted work is another deeply unpredictable and demanding type of labor. As staffing firms have proliferated, and digital the likes of Airbnb and Uber make it much simpler to locate work moonlighting, the predominance and expectations of these types of employment make it more difficult to locate a good job with regular pay, foreseeable hrs and workplace legal rights.

Subcontracting is basically “fee-for-service” work, by which companies hire outdoors firms to supply a specific kind of labor. This middleman will be responsible for finding, training and overseeing workers for your business. The main company pays just for the actual labor it requires from individuals workers — not for that true costs of supplying a good and guarded workplace.

Plastic Valley corporations rely on this practice since it is far cheaper to train on a subcontracted worker rather than directly employ somebody who has defined workplace legal rights and negotiating power, receives benefits and it is directly paid by condition and federal labor laws and regulations. Subcontracting forces most of the costs utilizing workers to the workers themselves.

This practice absolves the company taking advantage of that actually work from the risk connected by using it.

Using subcontractors causes it to be difficult to contain the primary business legally responsible when personnel are hurt at work or wages go delinquent. Through subcontracting, the likes of Twitter avoid the price of keeping workers’ physiques healthy capable to use health insurance safe workplaces. They are able to turn another way when dealing with the disastrous health insurance and ecological implications of tech production — from repetitive stress injuries to leukemia, from water pollution to coal consumption. Cutting these costs at the fee for workers is exactly what makes subcontracting so lucrative and engaging for corporations.

Hi-tech was among the first industries to subcontract the majority of its necessary operations. In the earliest times of the Plastic Valley, nearly every major technology company has trusted contract employees.

It has historic roots. The Santa Clara Valley, now the place to find the Plastic Valley, featured a largely farming economy before it grew to become a technology hub. Because the technology industry increased, it absorbed the permanent type of frequently-subcontracted farming workers, who have been mainly ladies and people of color which had labored within the region’s orchards and canneries.

These workers as well as their families grew to become the brand new, subcontracted labor pressure that supported tech’s manufacturing and repair needs through the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. Despite many efforts, major unions were rarely in a position to organize technology businesses that weren’t associated with the military, so that as individuals nonmilitary sectors from the tech industry increased to become a lot of the industry, so did the concept of subcontracting.

Through the 1970s, subcontractors were building the majority of high tech’s semiconductors and motherboards, disposing its chemical and industrial wastes, and managing its structures and grounds. While its plant’s roots are within the Plastic Valley, this practice is just about the norm for that technology industry worldwide: Subcontracted workers build hardware outdoors Shenzhen and Kl, take telephone calls in Bangalore and clean offices in New You are able to. In the last 3 decades, this practice has elevated overall in military and government sectors too.

In the beginning of Plastic Valley to the current, subcontracting makes unionization especially difficult. Because the 1960s, any whiff of the unionizing workforce inside a subcontracted shop means the contracting company only will fire the subcontracting firm and all sorts of its employees. Employees, consequently, don’t have any option, as their legal rights to union activity are safe only underneath the relation to their employment using the subcontractor, not the organization in control.

With secondary strikes and boycotts illegal underneath the National Labor Relations Act, applying direct pressure towards the primary clients are thus incredibly difficult. Left towards the whims of the employers with minimal leverage, subcontracted workers confront precarious conditions and discover themselves susceptible to termination. Losing employment over union activity could cause lengthy-term unemployment.

This issue is just growing worse. From content moderators who try to scrub the web of their worst dregs, to authors in digital media, towards the TaskRabbits who clean Airbnbs for absentee landlords, subcontracting encompasses us — as well as in growing figures. This precarious workforce increased three occasions quicker than the American workforce overall in 2014, by 2027, some estimate, a lot of the workforce — white-colored collar, blue collar, eco-friendly and pink collar — is going to be freelance.

So what you can do? Growing workers’ control of their labor as well as their lives is the initial step toward demanding accountability from all of these massive corporate entities. Workers must harness the natural power they possess at work. Which means fighting to safeguard the valuable couple of unions we’ve, joining and beginning them ourselves, reversing laws and regulations against secondary boycotts, protecting unions within the courts around the federal level, supporting movements and ballot initiatives for greater minimum wages and ensuring all workers have robust and continuing healthcare, regardless of who employs them or the way they are utilized.

Subcontracted and directly employed workers should also band together to break the rules from the particular vulnerability that subcontracted workers experience. Doing this will boost the strength of directly employed workers too.

What will work for contract workers can also be great for all users of digital and social networking and knowledge-collection services. People like Snowden says the U.S. government was unlawfully collecting our communications without our understanding. The Twitter Quitter highlighted the president was utilizing a corporate social networking platform to craft policy. Empowered workers, by taking exercise democratic control at work, will strengthen our weakening democratic practices.

Workers offer us our very best opportunity for safeguarding public debates and democratic processes off and on the web. Although Snowden’s sacrifices are surely on the different order of magnitude than individuals of Briskman and also the Twitter Quitter, whether they can get it done, we all can get it done — especially since these workers were so precariously employed.

In the end, their solo functions of resistance could have been less dangerous had they been paid by unions. When personnel are organized in unions, they don’t need to act alone to consider a stance — they are able to decide on so together. And when the union takes a stance, one individual is less inclined to be designated and fired, since the decision would be a collective one.

Imagine what we should could do if everybody had safe, secure employment, based on control of their labor, their working conditions and daily operations. Never underestimate the strength of a staff having a conscience.

Al Franken hammers Facebook lawyer at hearing over Russian ads

A high executive at Facebook battled to reply to on Tuesday being an angry and incredulous Al Franken, a Democratic senator, required why the social networking recognized political advertisements compensated for in Russian roubles throughout the presidential election.

Colin Stretch, vice-president and general counsel at Facebook, accepted the company online might have done better in hearing aid technology supply of its ad funding during testimony to some Senate judiciary subcommittee. It’s the to begin three congressional proceedings finding out how three tech giants – Facebook, Google and Twitter – were exploited by Russia to sway voters.

“This is one thing everyone suffer from and connect,Inches Franken told Stretch, who had been appearing rather from the more recognisable Facebook leaders Mark Zuckerberg or Sheryl Sandberg. “You were type of the canary within the coal mine in 2016.”

Russia? Individuals are a couple of data points! American political ads and Russian money: roubles. How may you not connect individuals two dots?”

Stretch stated Facebook tried a highly effective job on cyber-thievery but accepted: “I think in hindsight, we ought to have experienced a wider lens. There have been signals we missed and we’re now focused –”

But Franken, angry and sardonic, interrupted: “People are purchasing ads in your platform with roubles. They’re political ads. You place vast amounts of data points together constantly. That’s things i hear these platforms do: they’re probably the most sophisticated things introduced by man, ever. Google has all understanding that man has ever developed. You cannot come up with roubles having a political ad and go hmm, individuals two data points show something bad?”

Stretch responded: “Senator, it’s an indication we ought to happen to be aware of as well as in hindsight –”

But Franken cut him off, asking whether Facebook would pledge to not create a political ad compensated for in North Korean won. As Stretch demurred, Franken interjected very: “Please answer good or bad, mister … You’re sophisticated. You’re the main a lawyer for Facebook. Please answer good or bad.Inches

Stretch searched for to explain that currencies didn’t always indicate the origin country of the advert and declined to invest in banning political ads bought in foreign currency. But Franken clicked back, asking why a poor actor would pick the North Korean won to hide his activities. He told the counsel: “My goal is that you should consider these items a bit better.”

The hearing on Capitol Hill heard how Russia’s attack via social networking started in 2015, prior to the party primaries, and ongoing despite last November’s presidential election. Stretch stated there was an attempt to challenge the validity of Jesse Trump’s election, sowing further division.

Facebook, Twitter and Google defended their safety measures and guaranteed to complete more to prevent any susipicious activity regarding their platforms with a foreign power. Richard Salgado, director of police force and knowledge security at Google, stated: “We take this seriously. We’ve made changes and continuously improve.Inches

However, many senators were sceptical. Patrick Leahy, a Democrat of Vermont, known as the businesses “Johnny come latelies” and stated: “There’s a great deal which i think you might have done earlier.”

Senator Dianne Feinstein highlighted fake pages for example “Black Matters US” and “United Muslims of America”, which Russians used a custom audience tool to focus on. Stretch described such tries to exploit divisions in society as “vile” and “cynical” and stated there has been changes to ad targeting policies with added layers of review.

Senator Chris Coons struck an identical tone to Franken and again Facebook bore the brunt. He came focus on a billboard that claimed Hillary Clinton, together with Obama, was despised by Americans and also the army ought to be withdrawn from her control. Another marketed a non-existent “miners for Trump” rally. Everyone was “duped”, Coons stated.

Stretch responded: “That advertisement doesn’t have put on Facebook and we’re committted to stopping that kind of conduct happening again on the platform. You’re to surface it. It can make me angry, it can make everybody angry.”

But Coons stated he was “concerned” it had Facebook 11 several weeks because the election in the future forward and address the problem. Stretch disputed this, noting the organization had printed a white-colored paper in April.

In written testimony towards the committee, Facebook stated it believed roughly 29m everyone was offered content within their news feeds from Russia’s Research Agency’s (IRA) 80,000 posts over 2 yrs. “Posts from all of these pages were also shared, loved, and adopted by individuals on Facebook, and, consequently, three occasions more and more people might have been uncovered to some story that originated in the Russian operation.”

The organization stated its best estimate was that about 126m people might have been offered content from the page connected using the IRA sooner or later throughout the two-year period. This equals about .004% of content in news feed, or about one inch 23,000 bits of content. Stretch testified that lots of individuals users may not have seen the fabric.

These “organic” posts are outside of greater than 3,000 ads from the agency that Facebook has switched to congressional committees. Most of the ads centered on divisive social issues.

Twitter told exactly the same subcommittee it had found and shut lower 2,752 accounts associated with Russia’s IRA, that is well known for pro-Russian government positions.

On Twitter, the Russia-linked accounts released 1.4m election-related tweets from September through 14 November this past year – up to 50 % of these automated. The organization also found nine Russian accounts that bought ads, many of which originated from the condition-backed news service RT, formerly referred to as Russia Today. Twitter stated a week ago it might no more accept ads from RT and Sputnik, another condition-backed news outlet.

Twitter’s acting general counsel, Sean Edgett, stated: “The analysis continues so we hope to keep the committee current on any future breakthroughs.” Another companies also stated the investigations ongoing.

Twitter’s general counsel claimed that the organization could “draw lines” between organic tweets and advertisements. But Senator Richard Durbin objected: “When you are looking at drawing individuals lines, it’s challenging for all of us, so we get it done as a living. I believe it’s likely to be very difficult for you personally, too.”

Google stated two accounts from the Russian group spent $4,700 on ads on its platforms throughout the 2016 election. The organization also found 18 YouTube channels most likely supported by Russian agents. Individuals channels located 1,108 videos with 43 hrs of fabric, even though they tallied up just 309,000 views in america between June 2015 and November 2016, Google stated.

The Minnesota senator Amy Klobuchar requested the businesses whether or not they would offer the “honest ads” bill she’s introduced with Senator Mark Warner, which may bring political ad rules from TV, radio and print to the web.

Each one of the tech giants offered qualified support instead of answering “yes”. Stretch stated: “We stand ready to help you out as well as your co-sponsors with that legislation moving forward.Inches

Edgett of Twitter added: “The same applies to Twitter.”

Salgado of Google stated carefully: “We certainly offer the goals from the legislation and also sort out the nuances to really make it work for people.Inches

The committee chair, Lindsey Graham, Republican of Sc, quoted Jesse Trump as stating that he’d won the election according to Twitter. Graham cautioned the social networking platforms appeared to be utilized by individuals who “wish us harm and would like to undercut our method of life”.

The Republican senator John Kennedy stated he was happy with the American companies but added: “I think you need to do enormous good, however your power sometimes scares me … You have 5m advertisers and you’re likely to let me know you’re going so that you can let me know the foundation of individuals advertisers? … I’m looking to get us lower from la-la land.”

The 3 companies also testify Wednesday prior to the House and Senate intelligence committees included in congressional investigations of Russian election interference.

Gas companies spend €104m lobbying to make sure Europe remains &aposlocked in&apos to non-renewable fuels for many years, report finds

Gas industry firms are spending countless euros influencing European policy makers to make sure that the continent is constantly on the depend on non-renewable fuels for many years in the future, according to a different report.

It claims that gas lobby groups used their financial firepower to push the “myth” that gas is really a clean fuel to be able to win financial and political backing in the European Commission for pricey and potentially useless pipelines along with other infrastructure.

An organization representing gas companies and hang up through the Commission is mandated to recommend projects after which analyse their cost-effectiveness, which a lot of its people build, the report from campaign group Corporate Europe Observatory (Chief executive officer) stated.

Previously 2 . 5 years, gas industry representatives met using the two European commissioners responsible for climate and policy as well as their cabinets 460 occasions, based on CEO’s analysis of European transparency filings.

Eight from the 10 most typical business visitors received by Miguel Arias Cañete, commissioner for climate action and, and Maros Sefcovic, vice-president for energy union, were from the gas industry, Chief executive officer stated. Overall, gas companies all areas of the availability chain spent €104m (£92m) on lobbying in 2016, though it’s not easy to determine just how this expenditure was allotted.

This dwarfs the quantity spent by public interest groups promoting a fossil-free future with a factor of 30, based on the analysis. It didn’t say just how much renewables companies allocated to lobbying for the reason that time.

The very best spender is CEFIC, the ecu Chemical Industry Council, having a budget well over €12m and 82 lobbyists, adopted by Whirlpool which spent €5.75m in 2016 and Covering which spent €4.75m.

The report alleges there are obvious conflicts of great interest in the manner gas projects are approved and just how cash is allotted for his or her construction. Fossil-fuel infrastructure companies supply the commission having a “wish list” of projects that they believe ought to be completed within the next ten years, using a group known as the ecu Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (ENTSO-G).

Their list is dependant on projections of interest in gas, which ENTSO-G calculates. Its past projections considerably overestimated gas usage, based on independent global warming think tank E3G. The commission then asks ENTSO-G to analyse the expense and advantages of these projects, even though, in additional than three-quarters of cases, the group’s own people are in position to take advantage of their construction, Chief executive officer stated. The following listing of suggested Projects of Common Interest (PCIs) arrives prior to the finish of the year.

Projects incorporated around the PCI list might have their permits and impact assessments fast-tracked and are generally qualified for a number of funding streams, such as the Connecting Europe Facility, that has already passed out greater than £1bn to gas PCIs.

Despite its claims not to handle lobbying, ENTSO-G provided draft amendments to multiple MEPs around the recent regulation guaranteeing future gas supply because it undergone the ecu Parliament, based on a parliamentary source reported by Chief executive officer.

The group seemed to be present throughout a shadow rapporteurs’ meeting, where compromises are thrashed out between your political parties.

ENTSO-G’s proposal for emergency gas supply routes – extra dedicated pipelines – was eventually suggested by three different political parties and recognized through the European Parliament.

The audience also shares exactly the same office in addition to several staff with Gas Infrastructure Europe (GIE), a trade association which spent €1.5m on lobbying throughout the 2 . 5 year period.

The real influence of the profession might be considerably more than case study suggests due to poor EU transparency rules. The EU’s Transparency Register should really keep an eye on lobbying activity but it’s entirely voluntary and just top-level conferences are recorded. The majority of work, however, is performed at lower quantity of a Commission, Chief executive officer stated.

From the gas companies recognized by they as positively lobbying within the EU, 40 percent simply didn’t show up on the register, while some had made records previously but had then stopped doing this, the report stated. Just 11 of ENTSO-G’s people take presctiption the register, despite their closeness to EU policy-making.

“If requested, obviously the gas industry will say we want more gas,” stated Pascoe Sabido, a investigator and campaigner at Chief executive officer. 

natural-gas-plant-baghdad-iraq-1.jpg
Smoke increases from gas storage tanks following a explosive device attack against a condition-run cooking gas factory in Taji at Baghdad’s northern borders (Reuters)

“Turkeys aren’t likely to election for Christmas. However the EU ought to know much better than to hear the fossil fuel industry. As seriously interested in tackling global warming then your companies causing it ought to be stored as a long way away from policy-makers as you possibly can. Working In London, in The city and also at the approaching United nations climate talks.” 

The revelations be world leaders get ready for the United nations Global Warming Conference in Bonn, Germany in a few days to determine the following steps to apply the Paris climate agreement and accelerate the transformation to some low-carbon world.

‘Clean’ gas

Many gas and oil companies have pressed gas like a “bridge towards the future” a method to reduce co2 emissions while supplying the consistent way to obtain souped up that renewables like solar and wind cannot yet deliver.

But gas is mainly methane – a green house gas 34 occasions stronger than co2, based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Global Warming. Any unburned methane released in to the atmosphere therefore plays a role in global warming and many gas projects happen to be proven to leak quite a lot of the gas.

Scientists calculate that the leakage rate of just 3 percent makes gas a larger cause of global warming than coal, while multiple research has discovered that the underestimates the quantity of gas that escapes. A 2016 study through the American Geophysical Union discovered that methane emissions in america leaped by greater than 30 percent between 2002 and 2014. Gas is another competitor to alternative energy.

“Investing in big infrastructure risks locking us into using gas for many years and slowing lower the transition to renewable energy”, CEO’s report stated.

“In particular, tighter regulation on global warming and using non-renewable fuels would produce a chance of stranded assets, ie infrastructure built now won’t be functional, not to mention lucrative, inside a decarbonised futures, making investments useless.

“We can therefore anticipate the gas industry will marshall all its firepower to prevent the development of any rules discouraging using gas and devaluing its assets.”

The Independent has contacted the ecu Commission and ENTSO-G for comment.

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